Saturday, November 30, 2013

Buddhisht Path in India

Dr Ambedkar Park in Lucknow

This major attraction of modern Lucknow, spread over 107 acres of land in Gomti Nagar, is dedicated to the memory of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.As one passes through the gateway erected on the Gomti river, this architectural splendor beautifully unfolds itself. In the heart of this sprawling complex, stands a 112 ft. high memorial resembling a Stupa with a 18 ft. high bronze statue of Dr. Ambedkar. The various buildings such as Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Smarak, Samajik Parivartan Sangrahalaya, Samajik Parivartan Gallery, Pratibimb Sthal, Drishya Sthal, Gautam Buddha Sthal, Samajik Parivartan Stambh, expansive forecourt, Monumental elephant gallery, bronze fountains, Ashokan Columns & urns, entrance plazas can also be seen within this grand monument, Its lush gardens & lanes with a 20 ft. wide canal surrounding the memorial and the serene atmosphere leave the visitors spell bound. This memorial also comes alive at night when Sprawling Campus is illuminated with beautiful lighting.This enchanting sight a must see for every visitor to Lucknow.
Parking facility, cafeteria and public toilets are available. One can also enjoy delicious snacks at the
UPSTDC Restaurant situated in front of the Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Samajik Parivartan Sthal.


Savatthi was located on the banks of the river Aciravati (now called the Rapti river). It was the capital city of the kingdom of Kosala, and its king was called Pasenadi, who was a disciple of Buddha. It is a beautiful city with vast amounts of agriculture and diversity. Buddhaghosa says that, in the Buddha's day, there were fifty-seven thousand families in Savatthi, and that it was the chief city in the country of Kasi Kosala, which was three hundred leagues in extent and had eighty thousand villages. He stated the population of Sávatthi to have been 180 million(?). The road from Rajagaha to Savatthi passed through Vesali, and the Parayanavagga  gives as the resting places between the two cities: Setavya, Kapilavatthu, Kusinara, Pava and Bhoganagara. Further on, there was a road running southwards from Savatthi through Saketa to Kosambi. Between Saketa and Savatthi was located Toranavatthu.
The Buddha passed the greater part of his monastic life in Savatthi. His first visit to Savatthi was at the invitation of Anathapindika, whom he met in Rajagaha. The main monasteries in Sravasti were the Jetavana and the Pubbarama. Savatthi also contained the monastery of Rajakarama, built by Pasenadi, opposite Jetavana. Not far from the city was a dark forest called the Andhavana, where some monks and nuns went to live. Outside the city gate of Savatthi was a fisherman's village of five hundred families.

 Angulimal Stupa

Angulimala Stupas are also known as Pakki Kuti, Any one can easly reach to Pakki Kuti by Sobhnath Darwaza, by a linked road with Shobhnath Temple to Pakki Kuti. Where Pakki Kuti is one of the two largest mound inside, the other being Kachch Kuti. The modern name Pakki Kuti is supposed to be derived from the fact that a Muslim Mendicant had once made the mound his residence. Kunningham propossed to identify it with the remains of the stupa of Angulimala seen by the chinese pilgrims.

Story of Angulimal Daku:

Here the cave of Angulimala Dakoo, is very famous site and it is placed just half K.M far from the main road of Shravasti .The Angulimala Dakoo was very much affected by Lord Gautam Budha and their preaches.
Angulimala, whose name means "finger garland", he was a wicked man who harassed the city and country, because he killing the people and cutting a finger of each person, and killed in order to make a garland for the presentation to his guru as Guru Dakshina.
Angulimala Dakoo was very much affected by Lord Gautam Budha and their preaches.
He was about to kill his own mother in order to make up the required number of fingers when the lord Budha intervened...

Mahaparinirvana Temple
This temple stands on the same plinth as the main Nirvana Stupa behind it. The reclining Nirvana statue of Lord Buddha inside the temple is 6.10 metres long and is made of monolith red - sand stone. It represents the "Dieing - Buddha" reclining on his right side with his face towards the west. It is placed on a large brick-pedestal with stone-posts at the corners. There is an inscription datable to the 5th Century A.D. recording that the statue was "the appropriate religious gift of the Mahavihara Swami Haribala".


Nirvana Chaitya (Main Stupa)
Nirvana Chaitya is located just behind the Main Parinirvana Temple. It was excavated by Carlleyle in the year 1876. During excavations, a copper-plate was found, which contained the text of the "Nidana-Sutra" which concluded the statement that plate had been deposited in the "Nirvana-Chaitya" by one Haribala, who also installed the great Nirvana Statue of Buddha in the temple front. A copper vessel was also recovered which contained silver coins of Kumar Gupta, an emperor of Gupta Dynasty, 5th Century A.D.

Ramabhar Stupa
Ramabhar Stupa, also called a Mukutbandhan-Chaitya,
is the cremation -place of Buddha. This Site is 1.5 km
east of the main Nirvana Temple on the Kushinagar-
Deoria road. this Stupa has a huge circular drum with a
diameter of 34.14 meters on the top consisting of the
two or more terraces and is 47.24 meters in diameter at
the base.

Matha Kuar ShrineBhumi Sparsh Mudra - inside Matha Kuar Shrine
A Colossal statue of Lord Buddha is installed, which is  carved out of one
block which represents Buddha  seated under the "Bodhi Tree" in a pose
known as  " Bhumi Sparsh Mudra " (Earth touching attitude).  The inscription
at the base of statue is datable to the  10th or 11th Century A.D.



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